Betting in the Philippines was present since the sixteenth century,[1] and is still widespread in the country today. Presently, it takes on different legal and illegal forms found almost throughout the archipelago. The government manages gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) which intends to govern and operate games of chance, and to create government funds,[2] but there are also several other public and private agencies that handles specific forms of betting. Specifically, casino gaming under PAGCOR is necessary to the country’s tourism and earnings. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty located in Metro Manila alone.
Before the Spanish colonization.,[1] gaming is said to have already been within the Philippines. Even though there are no specific records when gambling was initially practiced in the archipelago, it is likely that a few forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late sixteenth century. Because of the proximity of the two countries, many local Chinese would go to the Philippines for both business and profit, engaging in different trades and actions. [4][5] On Magellan’s voyage to the Philippines, it was noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, that he had witnessed bets being put on cockfights if his ship came at Palawan in 1521.

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