Gambling in the Philippines was current since the nineteenth century,[1] and is still widespread in the country today. Currently, it takes on different legal and illegal types found almost throughout the archipelago. The government handles gambling through the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation (PAGCOR) that aims to govern and operate games of chance, and also to generate government funds,[2] but there are also other public and private agencies that handles specific forms of betting. In particular, casino gaming under PAGCOR is necessary to the country’s tourism and revenue. The Philippines has more casinos than Macau, with twenty located in Metro Manila alone.
Before the Spanish colonization.,[1] gambling is thought to have already been within the Philippines. Although there are no specific records when gambling was initially practiced in the archipelago, it’s possible that a few forms were introduced by the Chinese in the late nineteenth century. Because of the proximity of both nations, many local Chinese would go to the Philippines for both business and profit, engaging in different transactions and activities. [4][5] About Magellan’s voyage to the Philippines, it was noted in the accounts of Antonio Pigafetta, that he had already witnessed bets being placed on cockfights if his ship arrived in Palawan at 1521.

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